ANCIENT ASSYRIA AND THE ISRAELITE SCYTHIANS
In this particular article we will discuss the history of the “Lost Tribes of Israel” and follow their ancient migrations into every corner of the Earth. After reading this article, you will certainly learn many new things contrary to your current understanding of the ancestral and cultural identity of many different nations of the World. You will also discover that modern historians and academia have either purposely or mistakenly omitted certain historical information from the contemporary academic education curriculum, resulting in a completely different perspective of ancient history. This has resulted in the belief that the ancient Israelites are either “Lost” in history and/or the assertion that the modern Israeli’s are the last remnant of the descendants of the Israelite descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob – both of which are not true.
It is the intention of this article to provide some detailed information and visual images to help you make the connection between the historical record of the Hebrew Israelites (found in the Holy Bible) and secular history. We will discover that the diasporas of the Israelites at different times and for different reason, has left branches of Israelite descendants scattered in every nation. As a result we will discover that the Israelite branch that migrated into African lands have historical relatives across the Eurasian continent and the Americas. The information provided in this article will also provide support for the fact that the descendants of these Israelite founded many of the early civilizations of ancient times and it was because of their many contributions and prolific progeny in all nations of the Earth that they have been lost to history in fulfillment of the crafty council discussed in Psalms 83:1-7.
Hiding the name and history of the Israelites behind the name of the Scythians, among many other names, has made it difficult to connect the dots between biblical records and modern history but after reading this article it should become very apparent that the Word of Bible is completely accurate and the Israelites were definitely scattered throughout all corners of the Earth into every nation and kingdom, just as the Most High God AHAYAH (I AM that I AM, Exodus 3:13-15) said that they would be. Let’s now begin to discover part the history of the ancient Israelites and their associations with the Scythians and Aryans of secular history.
We will soon cover the details of the causes of the diasporas of the Israelites and where they migrated to later in this article but we will briefly discuss it now. Let’s read a brief summary by National Geographic:
During the Assyrian and subsequent captivities of the Israelites, many of them lived as nomads in loose confederations of tent cities. These temporary dwelling of the Israelites (known of Scythians in secular history) were identical to the Succoth temporary dwellings of the ancient Israelites.
Some historians assert that the Scythians or Scythes/Scuths got their name from the fact that they were nomadic tent-dwellers. Like nomads, they traveled around in their “booths”. The name Scythian goes all the way back to the Hebrew word Succoth. Succoth was a town that the Israelites lived in while in Egypt located in the North East delta region. The Israelite Feast of Tabernacles is also known as the feast of Succoth. Succoth means “booth” or “tent”.
• booth (rude or temporary shelter)
• סֻכָּה çukkâh, sook-kaw’; a hut or lair: — booth, cottage, covert, pavilion, tabernacle, tent.
During the feast of tabernacles the Israelites are instructed to make booths or tents/tabernacles, which are temporary shelters constructed of tree limbs and branches. These huts are to be dwelled in for 7 days during the Feast of Tabernacles to remind the Israelites of all the time they spent in the desert as nomads while the Most High completely provided for them.
The nomadic Israelites were known as a very warlike people and it is the warrior nature of the people that caused the Most High god to label and select a “peaceable multitude” of these warlike people to leave and go forward into a hidden land “were never mankind had dwelled” so that they might once again return to the true worship of their God in a distant land – the New World of the America’s and the Caribbean Islands.
THE WARLIKE ISRAELITE-SCYTHIANS AND THE PEACEABLE MULTITUDE
The warlike nature of the Israelite was renown to all nations of ancient history. They were great warriors and their stiff-necks and stubborn character described in the Bible caused them not only to rebel against their own God, but also against every nation around them. The Israelites were often hired as mercenaries or became leading generals in foreign armies that they served because of their familiarity with the art of War. The Israelites who became known as the Scythians and in Persia as the Parthians also even became rulers of many of the foreign lands they migrated or were once enslaved in and founded many ancient empires as a result of their warrior prowess.
The warlike nature of the Israelites, who became known as the Scythians (among many other bywords, i.e. Parthians, Mongolians, Kara-Khitans, etc.), can be greatly attributed to their worship of Baal. The descendants of the Northern Tribes of Israel began the worship of Baal introduced during King Solomon’s reign and officially adopted it during the subsequent reign of Jeroboam, and they never departed from it.
“And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.” – 2 Kings 15:28
“And the children of Israel did secretly those things that were not right against the Lord their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city. And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree:
And there they burnt incense in all the high places, as did the heathen whom the Lord carried away before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the Lord to anger: For they served idols, whereof the Lord had said unto them, Ye shall not do this thing.
Yet the Lord testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets. Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the Lord their God. And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that were round about them, concerning whom the Lord had charged them, that they should not do like them.
Therefore the Lord was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only. Also Judah kept not the commandments of the Lord their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made. And the Lord rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight.” – 2 Kings 17:9-21
Baal is a god of war and his worshippers adopted the attributes of that god.
BAAL THE GOD OF WAR
The Israelites reached the height of their worship of the god Baal in the land of Canaan during the last half of the reign of Solomon, which caused the United Kingdom of Israel to be divided into two parts.
“And the man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valour: and Solomon seeing the young man that he was industrious, he made him ruler over all the charge of the house of Joseph. And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field: And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces:
And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee: (But he shall have one tribe for my servant David’s sake, and for Jerusalem’s sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:) Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep my statutes and my judgments, as did David his father.
Howbeit I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand: but I will make him prince all the days of his life for David my servant’s sake, whom I chose, because he kept my commandments and my statutes: But I will take the kingdom out of his son’s hand, and will give it unto thee, even ten tribes. And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there. And I will take thee, and thou shalt reign according to all that thy soul desireth, and shalt be king over Israel.” – 1 Kings 11:28-37
The division of the nation of Israel into the northern 10 tribes of the House of Israel and the southern 2 tribes of the House of Judah was primarily based up which tribes preferred most to worship the god Baal rather than the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, I AM That I AM, worshipped in Jersusalem. As a result of this division and the preference of the northern tribes of Israel of worshipping Baal, these 10 tribes we removed from their own land into central Asian territory under the control of the ancient Assyrians and the Persians/Medians. These Israelites who had long practiced paganism in their homeland, brought those same pagan worships of Baalim along with them into the lands of their captivities as well as the subsequent lands they travelled two, either out of free-will, trade, and conquest or because of servitudes and enslavement.
Whatever the case, the pagan worships adopted by the Israelites prior to their captivity in Assyria and Persia greatly contributed to the warlike nature that the Israelite-Scythians of Central Asia were renown for.
There was, however, a peaceable multitude amongst these warrior Israelite-Scythian mercenary nomads, who decided to escape from Central Asian territories by way of the Euphrates River to a distant and hidden country where they might begin to worship the true God of their ancestors again. The journey of this peaceable portion of the warlike pagan “10 Lost Tribes of Israel” is found in biblical account of 2 Esdras 13.
The Israelites originally from the Northern Kingdom of Israel that remained in Central Asian territories eventually migrated into all the Kingdoms of the Old World, from Far East Asia to Western Europe and even deep into Sub-Saharan Africa.
It should be noted that, although many of these warlike Israelite-Scythians migrated further east beyond the Euphrates, there was a “peaceable” portion that travelled by ship on the Euphrates River into the Persian Gulf. The book of 2 Esdras chapter 13 found in the Biblical record known as the Apocrypha records the journey of the “peaceable multitude” of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, who became known as the Scythians, into the Persian Gulf and into the Americas and Caribbean (the New World) which was referred to as Arsareth. The following video will provide a brief history of the Northern Tribes and their migration from the Euphrates River of Mesopotamia to the countries of the New World in the western hemisphere.
Indigenous People of the Americas & Caribbean are Descendants of Israelites who Migrated from Assyria, Iraq & Persian Iran
DANIEL IN BABYLON AND THE SCYTHIAN-ISRAELITES
The biblical figure Daniel was also aware of the Israelite-Scythians scattered throughout the world. We can be certain of this through the information that we find in the scriptures biblical record, along with a small understanding of geography. After the Assyrian captivity and diaspora of the House of Israel (the Northern Kingdom) the Babylonians came and to the House of Judah (the Southern Kingdom), which included Daniel many other prophets, into captivity as well. Scholars have dated Daniel’s life from 621 B.C. to 533 B.C., his captivity in Babylon beginning in 605 B.C. at age 16. After interpreting the prophesy of the writing on the wall for the son of King Nebuchadnezzar, Belshazzar, Daniel lived to see the Persian conquest of Babylon in 539 B.C. under the leadership of Cyrus when Daniel was 82 years of age.
“Daniel the Prophet… was probably born in Jerusalem and was one of the noble young captives first carried into captivity by King Nebuchadnezzar. He was educated by order of the king and soon rose to great favor and was chosen to stand before the king in one of the highest government positions under the Chaldean, Median and Persian dynasties. He lived through the whole period of the captivity and probably died in Babylon.” – Bible Hub
The importance of reviewing Daniel and the geography of that time period is to better understand geo-political setting when we read the record of Daniel during his captivity in the Neo-Babylonian & Persian Empires. Again, we can be certain that Daniel was aware of the presence ofzzthe Israelites scattered around the world, identified by secular historians as ‘Scythians’, by Daniel quote:
“O Lord, righteousness belongeth unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem,and unto all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee.” – Daniel 9:7
Daniel was fully aware of the Israelites that were near to him in Babylon as well as those in the Babylonian/Persian Empire’s many provinces far off. Many of those Israelite fall under the identification of Scythians, which was an umbrella term used to identify different nomadic peoples, both within and outside of the ruling empires. Again, many of these nomadic peoples identified as branches of Scythians were related to the Israelites (although some were not).
It should also be understood that the Scythian-Israelites have very close connections with ancient Assyria/Syria. As stated earlier, it was the Assyrians who removed the Israelites from their homeland and placed them in certain locations within the Assyrian, Babylonian, and Median territories. These Israelites became known as Scythians (among many other names) who were a very warlike nation. The image above of a man named Konon, is identified as a man of Macedonian royalty who came to authority in Syria as well. Notice his appearance and his style of dress and compare it to the image below of ancient Assyrians who wear the conical hat.
Daniel, having risen to one of the highest government positions, under both the Babylonian and Persian empires, was aware of the peoples that comprised the different territories under the jurisdiction of both empires and thus he was also fully aware of the locations of his people, the scattered Hebrew Israelites.
Further evidence of the Biblical awareness of the Scythian-Israelite presence can be found the records of another Israelite prophet contemporary with Daniel; the prophet Jeremiah.
In his record, Jeremiah is instructed to proclaim towards the North, to backsliding Israel (the 10 Northern tribes) that the out to return to the ways of their God so that he can bring them back to their homeland. Initially, it may seem obvious that Jeremiah was speaking to the area directly North of the Kingdom of Judah, which is the northern Kingdom of Israel.
“Go and proclaim these words toward the north, and say, Return, thou backsliding Israel, saith the Lord; and I will not cause mine anger to fall upon you: for I am merciful, saith the Lord, and I will not keep anger for ever. Only acknowledge thine iniquity, that thou hast transgressed against the Lord thy God, and hast scattered thy ways to the strangers under every green tree, and ye have not obeyed my voice, saith the Lord. Turn, O backsliding children, saith the Lord; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion:” – Jeremiah 3:12-14
However, if we understand that the House of Israel was removed from their land many years prior to the time of the prophet Jeremiah, then it is certain that Jeremiah was talking about another area North of Israel that contained a population of Israelites from the house of Israel. If you were to draw a line north from Palestine/Israel on the map below you will arrive to the region of Black Sea, an area populated by a people known as the Sacae/Scythians.
Interestingly enough, the ancient inhabitants of this region have very close associations with the ancient Israelites. The area of the Black Sea region is also comprised of an area known as the Balkans. The Balkans is a peninsula and cultural region that takes its name from the Balkan Mountains that stretch from the east of modern Serbia unto the Black Sea at the east of Bulgaria.
The Balkans were not only an ancient territory that hosted scattered Israelites but it was also an area that became part of the Achaemenid Empire, of which the prophet Daniel was a high ranking advisor of.
“The Achaemenid Persian Empire incorporated parts of the Balkans comprising Macedonia, Thrace, Bulgaria, and the Black Sea coastal region of Romania between the late 6th and the first half of the 5th-century BC into its territories.” – Balkans, Wikipedia
“Under his [Cyrus the Great’s] successors, the empire eventually stretched from parts of the Balkans (Bulgaria-Pannonia) and Thrace-Macedonia in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east.” – Cyrus the Great, Wikipedia
We know that Israelites (particularly the House of Judah) were captive in the Babylonian and Medo-Persian empires of the classical times so it should not be difficult to understand that branches of different Israelite tribes could be scattered in the territories within their empires as well as outside of their borders.
Other ancient historians were also aware of the Israelites scattered presence throughout the world. According to the learned Christian priest of the 4th century AD, Saint Jerome, The ten tribes of the northern Kingdom of Israel were subject to the Parthian’s and that they lives in the cities and mountains of the Medes/Persians. A quote by Josephus, in his book Antiquities of the Jews, supports the history of Saint Jerome as Josephus states that the ten tribes of Israel were to be found beyond the Euphrates River (in the land of Iran and further eastward) as an ‘immense multitude not to be estimated by numbers’.
It is this information, along with the historical support of the Bible, that allow us to come to the conclusion that the Israelite Scythians were part of the Iranian (Aryan) Empire which had taken the Israelite Scythians in to India and further into the Far East.
THE SCYTHIANS HAD REACHED INDIA AND EVEN FURTHER
The Scythian’s travelled as far East as Korea and Japan and as far west as the modern United Kingdom. In fact, many archaeological evidences exist to support the conclusion that the Scythian’s culture was spread across the whole of the Old World; from Europe to Asia. We will discuss and view a few supporting evidences.
In regards to the Balkans Black Sea area that was within the territory of the Achaemenid Persian Empire that we were previously discussing and it’s relation to this vast Scythian territory I have just mentioned, I’ve found some artifacts that help to connect the Balkans (modern Bulgaria-Pannonia) region with Korea as well as many other places.
In a particular documentary in Korea, an effort was made to associate some ancient Korean Silla Dynasty (57 BC to 935 AD) artifacts with the ancient Thracian peoples.
The craftsmanship and designs of the Korean sword are very similar to those found on many artifacts in Thracia.
Besides the sword, another artifact helped connect both the Korean and Thracian artifacts to the Scythian peoples—The triskelion symbol.
The design of the sword, it’s symbols and other artifacts found in the ancient Korean tomb has led many Korean scholars to wonder if Korea’s Silla kingdom has origins in Central Asia by way of the Scythians.
The true identity of the Scythians of Central Asia seem to be the key to the mystery concerning the connection between Korea and ancient Thracia in the Black Sea/Balkans of Eastern Europe.
The triskelion symbol found on the Korean sword and Thracian artifacts helps us to trace the Scythian presence all over the world which also provides yet another support for the histories of Josephus and Saint Jerome that both agree that many of the Israelite tribes had wandered beyond the Euphrates River into the Far East.
The triskelion symbol and craftsmanship of the artifacts also provides support of the Near-East/Western Asian origins of the Israelites Scythians and their influence from the most distant western lands to the Far East. According to an article on, “the internet portal that represents the voice of the Korean government and which promotes Korea online,” Korea.net says that:
Moreover, other artifacts found in the same tomb, as the Korean ornamental sword marked with the triskelion symbol, have also been agreed to be associated to the Scythians. In speaking of the crowns found inside the tomb, the Houston Museum of Fine Arts, in it’s book, Treasures From the National Museum of Korea, said that:
The similarity in the designs of the gold crowns of Korea’s Silla Kingdom in comparison to the designs of other golden crowns found in Central Asia’s steppe region and Eastern Europe can be attributed to the ancient Scythians. According to The Cambridge Ancient History, the Scythians were very good craftsman and excellent goldsmiths.
The Korea Newsreview, Volume 20 of 1991 published by the Korean Herald also held the same view reflected in their comparison of,
“A Scythian gold crown which is similar in style to ancient Korean crowns from the Silla Kingdom.”
This style of metal-working and craftsmanship was made popular by the Israelite Scythians who wandered into all of the aforementioned regions of the world. In fact, if we follow the triskelion symbol we can also follow the trails of Israel’s wanderings.
The triskelion symbol is found throughout the extent of the Old World; from the Far-East to the British Isles.
Another form of the triskelion symbol, known as the three hares, can be found throughout Europe, the Near-East and the Far-East.
The appearance of the three hares symbol and the triskelion/triquetra in various locations across the Eurasian continent help us to also make associations between the ancient Celts and the Buddhist. According to some researchers, the triskelion icon was a symbol of meditation to both Buddhist and Druids
“The triskele or triskelion symbol, which resembles three commas or teardrop shaped beads chasing one another round a circle, is a Buddhist meditational symbol that represents the three aspects of Dependent Relationship which give existence to all functioning things… In the three hares/rabbits triskelion, the aspect of motion is especially apparent, emphasising that all phenomena arise from the three dependencies and are thus inevitably impermanent and devoid of any essence.” – Transcultural Buddhism, Celtic and Buddhist Symbolism: Triskelions, Triskeles
“The triskelion/magatama symbol is also a common feature of Celtic sacred art such as stone carvings, enamel ornaments, book illumination and knotwork…
… This metaphysical symbol is probably the ‘Caer Sidin’ which was the object of meditation by the Druidic bard Taliesin, as he explains in this verse:
According to the article by John Michael Greer, the ‘three elements’ of Druid metaphysics to which Taliesin refers are known in old Welsh as Gwyar (change, causality), Calas (structure) and Nwyfre (consciousness).” – Transcultural Buddhism, Celtic and Buddhist Symbolism: triskelions, triskeles
A further analysis of the previously quoted poem by the Brythonic poet Taliesin allows us to begin to make an association between the Celtic-Buddhist triskelion symbol and the ancient Near-Eastern region from which some of the Israelite-Scythians migrated into Africa from. The name used in the poem to refer to the three-element circle of Druidic meditation, the ‘Circle of Sidin/Caer Sidin, leads us to ancient Phoenicia.’
“The Ouroboros represents in Hinduism an animal halo often in the form of a snake or lizard god or goddess… This god is often represented within a circle. This circle represents the circular nature of the universe and time: death-rebirth, creation-destruction, love-hate, spring-winter; the eternal dance of the cosmos.” – Ouroboros, Wikipedia
The Circle of Sidin is considered to be the circle of the zodiac, known to the ancient Hebrew Israelites as the Mazzaroth H4216 (Job 38:32), could represent the three elements of Sun, Moon, and Stars or Sun, Moon and Earth.
The luminary worship of Sun, Moon, and Stars above the Earth inferred by the triskelion symbol and the name ‘Sidin’ in the “Circle of Sidin/Caer Sidin” both recall the ancient Phoenicians and their city Sidon.
Further confirmation of the assertion that the Caer Sidin/Circle of Sidin triskelion symbol of three elements could represent the Great Circle of the Zodiac in relation to the luminary worship of the Near-East can be found upon the study of the Assyro-Phoenician religion. In regards to the Phoenicians we find that:
In speaking of the Phoenician town Sidon and its relation to the Circle of Sidin triskelion, we can find strong support for the association between the Celtic triskelion/triquetra and the Buddhist three-hares symbol when we review the observations of the scholar and Druid priest Godfrey Higgins. According to his research compiled in his book Anacalypsis, Higgins stated that the Buddhist were actually black Jews (Israelites) from India, having Sidon as their capital, that traveled across the whole world and established Stonehenge, the great druidic temple, as a monument to the black Buddhist god.
“And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.” – Revelations 12:14
“And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites: And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.” – Judges 3:5-6
“Son of man, cause Jerusalem to know her abominations, And say, Thus saith the Lord God unto Jerusalem; Thy birth and thy nativity is of the land of Canaan; thy father was an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite.” – Ezekiel 16:2-3
The original Phoenicians were a dark skinned people and the term ‘Punic,’ derived from ‘Poenicus,’ was used to describe the inhabitants of North African Phoenician colonies.
According to the English historian and antiquarian:
We can find even more evidence in support of the relation between the Celts and Scythians when we examine certain archaeological discoveries. These archaeological discoveries also support the previous quotes taken from the research of scholars that also associated the Buddhist Israelite-Scythians to the Celts/Druids.
We will also discover clear associations between the Celts, Scythians, and the Thracians of the Black Sea area that were spoken of in the Korean documentary video. The previous article also mentioned the vast trade network and interaction between Celts and Scythians. This interaction between distant groups across Europe and Asia was made possible by the Scythians special breed of horses (known as the ‘Heavenly/Flying Horses’) of Central Asia.
If Scythians were Celts and Jews that built temples from Indian to Britain, yet they brought stone masonry and stones from Africa, would that not make the Scythians also present in Africa? The historical records of the Punic/Phoenicians provide evidence of the Scythians (labeled as Armenians and Persians) migration into North Africa and Spain while the Celto-Scythian triskelion symbol, again, may also help in supporting that evidence. The following Punic records also supports the Yoruba traditional record of the Assyrian-Scythian (Israelite) refugees fleeing into Africa after the Battle of Carchemish. It is also said that Scythians of the Black/Euxine Sea also freely travelled into Africa.
Beyond the Punic-Phoenician history of Asiatics colonizing Africa and Spain the trinity-triskelion symbol provides further evidence to trace the Scythians into the interior of Africa as claimed by Yoruba traditional history.
The Triskelion symbol found on Kelto-Scythian monuments and artifacts actually has origins in Central Asia/the Near-East.
The Trefoil, Triskelion, Triquetra, Trinity and its related symbols are found all over the Eurasian continent as well as in Africa. The various locations where we find these symbols help to further establish the presence of Israelites in those same locations.
Not only were the ancient Israelites referred to by the byword of “SAKA” but some tribes of Israelite descent in Africa are also referred to as “SAKA”. According to a particular ethno-historical dictionary titled, The Peoples of Africa, there are at least three different people groups that contain the name Saka in reference to their nation; the Saka & Sakata people of central Zaire and the Sakalava people of Madagascar. Could this be a coincidence or actually a product of the migration of Israelites, identified as Scythians/Phoenicians/Persians/Armenians, into Africa from the Middle East, Mediterranean and Balkans regions? The histories recorded by the previously quoted authors have agreed with the latter as well as that of Professor Dierk Lange concerning the origins of the Yoruba-Oyo Nigerians.
The fact that the triskelion symbol originated in the Near East/Levant is very important in relation to the Scythic/Celtic presence across the old world because it supports the fact that the Israelites were indeed Scythians (nomadic peoples) who adopted the culture and religion of the Assyrian nation that took them captive. More specifically, the triskelion symbol helps to support the assertion that the Nigerian Yoruba people are indeed Israelites, who were given the misnomer of Scythians or Asiatics (among many other names and bywords), who migrated to West Africa from Assyria, as stated by their traditional history and the research of German professor Dierk Lange.
According to the Yoruba history and the research of Dierk Lange, many of the Israelites under Assyrian control left Assyria and the Near East region to migrate to West Africa in 605 B.C.
“The great migration of refugees from the collapsing Assyrian Empire c. 605 B.C. according to Yoruba tradition.”
What caused the Assyrian empire to collapse which in turn caused the migration of Israelite refugees? The Babylonian conquest of the Assyria Empire! At the same time of the great migration of Israelite refugees from Assyria into West Africa, dated at 605 BC, the Battle of Carchemish was occurring.
“605 BC: Battle of Carchemish: Crown Prince Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon defeats the army of Necho II of Egypt, securing the Babylonian conquest of Assyria. The Babylonians pursue the Egyptians through Syria and Palestine.” – 7th Century BC
“The Battle of Carchemish was fought about 605 BC between the allied armies of Egypt and Assyria against the armies of Babylonia, the Medes, Persians and Scythians… The Egyptians met the full might of the Babylonian and Median army led by Nebuchadnezzar II at Carchemish where the combined Egyptian and Assyrian forces were destroyed. Assyria ceased to exist as an independent power, and Egypt retreated and was no longer a significant force in the Ancient Near East. Babylonia reached its economic peak after 605 BC.” – Battle of Carchemish, Wikipedia
“After the defeat of the Egypto-Assyrian forces at Carchemish in Syria in 605 B.C. numerous deportees followed the fleeing Egypto-Assyrian troops to the Nile valley, before continuing their migration to sub-Saha-ran Africa. ” – Dierk Lange
The battle of Carchemish was indeed a prime reason for Israelites to escape Assyrian captivity and the subsequent Babylonian captivity. Many of the Israelites, who were already removed from the land of Israel by the Assyrians for adopting the practice of paganism, also brought with them those same Assyrian pagan customs, culture and religious practices into West Africa. As a result, we can find many similarities between the peoples of West Africa and the Israelites of the Near East who were called Scythians (among many other names). An artifact known as the Behistun Rock will help us to better understand these similarities between the West African migration of Assyrian refugees and the Israelites of the Near East.
The inscriptions on the famous Behistun Rock in Persia, were first investigated last century by Sir Henry Rawlinson. The translation of these inscriptions provides an amazing link between the lost ten tribes of Israel and the captive figures depicted on the Behistun Rock relief. However, before we examine the translation of the text upon the Behistun Rock, I believe that a review of the observations of the Scottish author, artist, diplomat and traveller, Sir Robert Ker Porter.
“In I 822, Sir Robert Ker Porter published a valuable account of the travels which he had made in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, and Babylonia between the years I 817 and 1820, and to him we owe a lengthy description of the sculptures at Behistan, and the best drawing of them which had hitherto been published:
“The design of this sculpture appears to tally so well with the great event of the total conquest over Israel by Shalmaneser, king of Assyria and the Medes, that I venture to suggest the possibility of this bas-relief having been made to commemorate that final achievement. Certain circumstances attending the entire captivity of the ten tribes, which took place in a second attack on their nation, when considered, seem to confirm the conjecture into a strong probability. . . In the royal figure, I see Shalmaneser, the son of the renowned Arbaces, followed by two appropriate leaders of the armies of his two dominions, Assyria and Media, carrying the spear and the bow. . . Besides, he tramples on a prostrate foe; not one that is slain, but one who is a captive. . . He must have been a king; . . . including the prostrate monarch, there are precisely ten captives ; which might be regarded as the representatives, or heads, of each tribe; beginning with the king, who, assuredly, would be considered the chief of his; and ending with the aged figure at the end, whose high cap may have been an exaggerated representation of the mitre worn by the sacerdotal tribe of Levi; a just punishment of the priesthood at that time, which had debased itself by every species of idolatrous compliance with the whims, or rather wickedness of the people, in the adoption of pagan worship…” – The Behistun Rock 519 BC, King Darius Documents His Capture of the Israelites
The observations of Sir Robert Ker Porter that led him to intuitively identify the captive figures depicted upon the bas-relief as captive Israelites were found to be quite accurate after he cuneiform text by each figure were translated. Near each of the figures depicted in the bas-relief is an inscription that gives us information concerning who and what we see being depicted.
“Those are the ten tribes, which were carried away prisoners out of their own land in the time of Osea the king, whom Salmanasar the king of Assyria led away captive, and he carried them over the waters, and so came they into another land. But they took this counsel among themselves, that they would leave the multitude of the heathen, and go forth into a further country, where never mankind dwelt, That they might there keep their statutes, which they never kept in their own land.
And they entered into Euphrates by the narrow places of the river. For the Most High then shewed signs for them, and held still the flood, till they were passed over. For through that country there was a great way to go, namely, of a year and a half: and the same region is called Arsareth. Then dwelt they there until the latter time” – 2 esdras 13:40-46
“The text contains many references that link Darius’ subjects with the Israelites. The name “Kana”, which is Canaan, appears 28 times. We also have a man named “Sarocus the Sacan who wears a hebrew hat. Included in the nations listed is the Sakka. The term Sakka in Persian and Elamite becomes Gimri in Babylonian… Across the bottom and up one side are many panels containing the story of Darius’ conquests. There is also a large section of supplementary text. The Behistun Rock inscriptions are confirmed in two other places: Darius’ tomb, and a gold tablet. The gold tablet again mentions the conquering of the Sakka, while the tomb inscription expands the evidence by talking about three different kinds of Sakka. In all cases, the same name in Babylonian was Gimri… Gimri comes from Khumri(out of the Biblical name Omri) and goes through Gimmira and the Greek Kimmerioi to Cimmerian. We’ll find that almost all those names we learned in European history are traceable to the Sakka, Gimri and Scythians.” – Behistun Rock
“Numerous early writers mention a people called Sacae. Herodotus informs us that the Persians called all Scythians Sacae. The Sacae are now believed to be the Ashguzai of the Assyrian inscriptions of the period of Esar-Haddon, and to have lived on the borders of Assyria. Their name was given to a fertile part of Armenia which they occupied Sacasena.
The Behistun inscriptions of Darius the Great shows that the people called Sacae in the Persian language were known as Gi-mi-ri in the Babylonian tongue. These people first appeared on the northern borders of Assyria in the time of Sargon, who met his death at their hands. Rawlinson has seen in their name a “Semitic equivalent” for the tribes. It is reasonable to identify these people with the Khumri or Ghomri (as given by Pinches), or members of the House of Omri, placed in these regions by Tiglath-Pileser.”
The Israelites have been identified as Beth Khumri/Omri/Ghomri since before the Assyrian Tiglath Pileser and until at least the time of the Persian King Darius. As early as c. 840 B.C. the Israelites can be found on the Moabite Mesha stele referred to as the House of Omri/Khumri. This same name would also be used by the Assyrian oppressor in their own recorded references to the Northern Kingdom of Israel.
“The Mesha stele is the longest Iron Age inscription ever found in the region, constitutes the major evidence for the Moabite language, and is a “corner-stone of Semitic epigraphy and Palestinian history”. The stele, whose story parallels, with some differences, an episode in the Bible’s Books of Kings (2 Kings 3:4–8), provides invaluable information on the Moabite language and the political relationship between Moab and Israel at one moment in the 9th century BCE. It is the most extensive inscription ever recovered that refers to the kingdom of Israel (the “House of Omri”)” – Mesha Stele